Afp stands for in nstp

ASSOCIATION OF SERUM ALPHA FETOPROTEIN (AFP) LEVELS WITH SIZE OF HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA Detailed clinical history, radiological investigations and serum AFP levels were recorded in all the cases. SIGNIFICANCE OF SERUM ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN LEVELS IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF PAEDIATRIC LIVER TUMOURS--A STUDY AT PAEDIATRIC REFERRAL CENTR To be familiarized with the Tatak UP NSTP Framework To be oriented with the course goals and class policies Core Contents: 1. Beyond NSTP: NSRC and AFP Reservist Program 2. TATAK UP: the UPD NSTP Framework 3. History of UP as a Public Service University (UP Bilang Pamantasan ng Sambayanan) 4. What is NSTP? NSTP Law, IRR and History 5 by different branches of service of the Armed forces of the Philippines(AFP). 8. What is NSTP-One Summer Program (NSTP-OSP)? NSTP-OSP is created under RA 9163 or the NSTP Act of 2001, especially Section 6 and jointly devised, formulated and adopted by DND, CHED and TESDA regulations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). 3. What is the duration and equivalent course unit of each of the NSTP Component? Each of the NSTP components shall be undertaken for an academic period of two (2) semesters for 54 to 90 training hours per semester. It shall be credited for three (3) units per semester what dies cwts stand for. civic welfare training service students [can] cross enroll in other schools under ched, tesda, ROTC, or managed by AFP brances. true. true or false: graduates of non-ROTC components belong to the [citizen of armed force], which could be tapped by the state for literacy and civic welfare activities students who.

AFP. Advanced Function Printing. AFP. American Free Press (newspaper) AFP. Agriculture and Food Production (industry sector) AFP. Avian Flu Pandemic. AFP The term, READY Project, is the accepted shortcut of the project in lieu of the long title

AFP - What does AFP stand for? The Free Dictionar

Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) in the Philippines is one of three components of the National Service Training Program, the civic education and defense preparedness program for Filipino college students. ROTC aims to provide military education and training for students to mobilize them for national defense preparedness. Its specific objectives include preparation of college students. PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND MILITARY ACRONYMS / ABBREVIATIONS. AAIIBP - Al-Amanah Islamic Investment Bank of the Philippines. ACPC - Agricultural Credit Policy Council. AFP - Armed Forces of the Philippines. AFPCES - Armed Forces of the Philippines Commissary and Exchange Service. AFPCGSC - Armed Forces of the Philippines. One of the three components of NSTP. -LTS It is the uprightness and soundness of moral principle.-Integrity In the keyword SALUTE, letter T stand for-Time The 5 kinds of Rest are:-Parade rest, Stand at Ease, At Ease, Rest, Fall Out To quit my post only when properly relieved-GO #5 It is the system of enforcing discipline and administering criminal law in the military establishment alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) a plasma protein produced by the fetal liver, yolk sac, and gastrointestinal tract and also by hepatocellular carcinoma, germ cell neoplasms, and other cancers in adults; elevated levels may also be seen in benign liver disease such as cirrhosis and viral hepatitis (b) DO NOT, SHOULD NOT and CANNOT stand alone. (c) Have no clear starting nor ending points between each of the aspects and overlaps are to be expected. (d) Are problem-needs and asset-strengths centered. (e) All point to one direction reduce people's vulnerabilities and increasing their capacities

alpha fetoprotein, alpha foetoprotein, AFP (noun) an abnormally large amount of this fetoprotein in the fetus can signal an abnormality of the neural tube (as spina bifida or anencephaly The Chief of Staff, AFP shall select and recommend to the Secretary of National Defense the reserve units under Ready Reserve I and Ready Reserve II: provided, that in areas threatened by insurgency, there shall be at least one (1) unit of infantry battalion strength under readiness status of Ready Reserve I. Section 55. Mobilization Stock

The AFP-Wide Technical Reserve Component; and. 5. The Affiliated Reserves. Sec. 9. Organization of Reserve Components. - The organization of each component of the Reserve Force and the manpower objective of each component shall be as prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense and approved by the President of the Philippines. The. • CHED Regional Offices, TESDA, Provincial/District Offices and DND-AFP (through the Major Service Reserve Commands), shall oversee and monitor the implementation of the NSTP under their respective jurisdiction, to determine if the trainings are being conducted in consonance with the objectives of the NSTP Law. 23

What does DND stand for? Your abbreviation search returned 36 meanings. Link/Page Citation Category Filters; All definitions (36) Information Technology (3) Military & Government (8) Science & Medicine (5) Organizations, Schools, etc. (10) Business & Finance (6) Slang, Chat & Pop culture (11) Sort results:. NSTP 1 National Service Training Program Notes MODULE 1 R.A No. 9163 Section 4, Article II, 1987 Constitution The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon the people to defend the Senate. In fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service What does NSTP abbreviation stand for? List of 36 best NSTP meaning forms based on popularity. Most common NSTP abbreviation full forms updated in June 202 What is the abbreviation for New Straits Times Press? What does NSTP stand for? NSTP abbreviation stands for New Straits Times Press NSTP-OSP is created under RA 9163 or the NSTP Act of 2001, especially Section 6 and jointly devised, formulated and adopted by DND, CHED and TESDA. NSTP-OSP is established for the three (3) components: ROTC, CWTS and LTS

nstp Flashcards Quizle

  1. HEADQUARTERSARMY RESERVE COMMANDCamp Riego de Dios, Tanza Cavite Implementing Guidelines on NSTP-ROTC Component BACKGROUND The history of the ROTC Program started with the enactment of Commonwealth Act Nr 1, otherwise known as the National Defense Act of 1935 requiring the compulsory military training for all college students, This act was implemented through Executive Order Nr [
  2. About AFP® Headquartered outside of Washington, D.C. and located regionally in Singapore, the Association for Financial Professionals (AFP) is the professional society committed to advancing the success of treasury and finance members and their organizations
  3. NSTP stands for National Service Training Program. This is a program in the Philippines, and affirms that it is the priority of the government to serve and protect their citizens. Give brief of.
  4. strator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, National Disaster Coordinating Counci

About AFP. AFP is a leading global news agency providing fast, comprehensive and verified coverage of the events shaping our world and of the issues affecting our daily lives. Drawing from an. RA 9163 otherwise known as the NSTP Act of 2001 or An Act Establishing the National Training Service Training Program (NSTP) for Tertiary Level Students, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 7077 and Presidential Decree No. 1706, and for Other Purposes was created from the combination of Senate Bill 1824 and House Bill 3593 Cervical cancer is responsible for more than 7% of all cancer-related deaths in women worldwide.1 Most cases of cervical cancer (85%) occur in developing countries that have ineffective screening. Former Wing Commander BGEN ELI YBANEZ stands 3rd from right. ← AFP Reserve ID to be processed during Assembly Test. semesters.In lieu of the two (2) - semester program for any of the components of the NSTP, a one(1) -summer program may be designed, formulated and adopted by the DND, CHED,and TESDA. Like Like Duration and Equivalent Course Unit. . Each of the aforementioned NSTP programcomponents shall be undertaken foe an academic period of two (2) semesters.In lieu of the two (2) - semester program for any of the components of the NSTP, a one (1) -summer program may be designed, formulated and adopted by the DND, CHED, and TESDA. SECTION 7

AFP - Definition by AcronymFinde

  1. CLSU NSTP- OFFICE. The National Service Training Program of the Central Luzon State University Office also known as NSTP-CLSU Office supervises the implementation of the Civic Welfare Training Service [CWTS] and the Reserve Officer Training Corps [ROTC]. Its implementation is governed by R.A. 9163 of 2001
  2. Beneficiaries: 1. National Service Training Program (NSTP) Office 2. Beyond NSTP: NSRC and AFP Reservist Program 2. NSTP-CWTS 101 (Lecture) is a program designed to enhance the civic consciousness of students by developing the value of service and commitment for the welfare and betterment of life of all members of the community
  3. Philippines(AFP). 8. What is NSTP-One Summer Program (NSTP-OSP)? NSTP-OSP is created under RA 9163 or the NSTP Act of 2001, especially Section 6 and jointly devised, formulated and adopted by DND, CHED and TESDA. NSTP-OSP is established for the three (3) components: ROTC, CWTS and LTS. This is intended for graduating students i
  4. Rotc. Philippine Reserve Officer Training Corps(ROTC) is a military program for college students in the Philippines.ROTC was first established in the United States as the college elective focusing on military training and discipline in 1862. In 2001, under the Philippine R.A. No. 9163, ROTC was incorporated into the National Service Training Program or simply known as NSTP, allow the students.
  5. This program was reconstructed in the year 2003 where the abbreviation C.A.T, once called Citizen Army Training has become what is known at present as the Citizenship Advancement Training as per the revised rules and regulations of the National Service Program issued directly from the Department of National Defense
  6. gs. Eating, drinking, using a cellphone and smoking while walking is generally banned in uniform. Formal uniform hats, or covers, must be worn outside and carried indoors. Service members don't salute while uncovered - with their hat off
  7. CHED Website www.ched.gov.ph ORGANIZATION of NSTP GRADUATES ROTC graduates shall form part of the Citizen Armed Forces, pursuant to RA 7077 (AFP Reservist Law, Non- ROTC graduates (CWTS/LTS ) shall belong to the National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC) RA 10742 ---SK REFORM ACT OF 200

Walang lugar ang AFP at NTF-ELCAC sa loob ng mga pamantasan! Gayundin, Layunin dapat ng NSTP ang magkintal ng diwang nasyonalismo sa mga kabataan at hindi ang pagpapakita ng katapatan sa pasistang estado, LFS Metro Baguio said in their statement. (AFP and NTF-ELCAC have no place inside the university If you decide to take unpaid leave after your NSTP participation has begun, your NSTP approval may be rescinded, and you may be asked to repay all NSC funds paid to you from the start date of your agreement. The title of the project is entitled DRAGON BEE Z: Search for the 7 Nutrients. Beyond NSTP: NSRC and AFP Reservist Program 2. Malvar Santigo City AMA NSTP pupils held an Outreach Program. NSTP students who enrolled in NSTP component but decided to transfer in another component offered by the institution shall apply for transfer from the NSTP Office on or before the 3rd meeting/training day from the start of classes. Transfering from one component to another component shall not be allowed after the 3rd meeting/training day

List of commonly used acronyms by the Philippine

  1. Mapua general nstp module (PDF) Mapua general nstp module | TESDA Carmelo C. delos Cientos Sr. National Trade School - Academia.edu Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer
  2. ent program of government
  3. Basic ROTC. Basic ROTC focuses on equipping its graduates with the five fundamental skills of LEAD, SHOOT, MOVE, NAVIGATE, and COMMUNICATE. These five skills are embedded in lectures and training held under the two Military Science courses to be taken under Basic ROTC: Military Science 1 and Military Science 2
  4. Frontpage | New Straits Times : Authoritative source for Malaysia latest news on politics, business, sports, world and entertainmen
  5. Addendum (January 27, 2021): The link to the 2016 article 'PNP barricades entrances to F-Park' was given more context, in that the cause for police presence was the then-arrival of the Japanese Emperor and Empress). When student publications across the UP system first broke the story on the eve of January 18, it was immediatel
  6. The Fetal Non-Stress test is a simple, non-invasive test performed in pregnancies over 28 weeks gestation.The test is named non-stress because no stress is placed on the fetus during the test. How is an NST Performed? The test involves attaching one belt to the mother's abdomen to measure fetal heart rate and another belt to measure contractions

Reserve Officers' Training Corps (Philippines) - Wikipedi

  1. ars, Campaigns and Advocacies. Community outreach programs and advocacy programs are constantly conducted in different key settings such as schools, communities, and workplaces. During these activities, members of the DDB staff serve as resource speakers orienting the participants on the country's drug abuse problem, the ill.
  2. PADPAO - stands for the Philippine Association of Detective and Protective Agency Operators. It is a non-stock private organization, and it was formed in May 1958. R.A. 5487 - is an act that regulates the organization and operation of the private detective, watchmen or security guard agencies. - it is known as Private Security agency Law
  3. The Visiting Forces Agreement is a pact between the Philippines and the United States containing guidelines and conditions for US military and civilian personnel who are temporarily sent to the.
  4. Tumor marker, CEA: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein found in many types of cells but associated with tumors and the developing fetus.. CEA is tested in blood. The normal range is . 2.5 ng/ml in an adult non-smoker and 5.0 ng/ml in a smoker.. Benign conditions that can increase CEA include smoking, infection, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and some.

Philippine Government Agencies & Military Acronyms

Drills 3 (4) squads in the platoon the second squad from the right is the center squad (platoon). Column - is a formation in which the elements are placed one behind another. Depth - is the space from front to rear of any formation or a position including the front and rear elements The Small Enterprise Technology Upgrading Program (SETUP) is a nationwide strategy to encourage and assist SMEs to adopt technological innovations to improve their operations and thus boost their productivity and competitiveness

KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 16 — A total of 543 employees at the New Straits Times Press (NSTP) are expected to receive their termination letters from parent company Media Prima today. According to the.. USLS Law Journal Volume III is indebted to Atty. Alexander Mirano for his mentoring during the planning and content formulation, to our former dean, Atty. Ralph Sarmiento, and to our present dean. KUALA NERUS: Umno will not take disciplinary action against two party leaders who offered to campaign for Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim in the upcoming Port Dickson by-election. Party president Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi said their support for the PKR president-elect was of a personal nature and did not reflect Umno or Barisan Nasional's stand

Video: ROTC_REVIEW_Final-Exam - One of the three components of

Josue Gaverza Jr. AFP and the Chief of Staff, Col. Cesar Idio (INF) GSC PA. The Naga College Foundation ROTC unit is under the leadership of NSTP Coordinator Marivic Vargas-Balance, RSW and ROTC. What does COCOPEA stand for? List of 1 COCOPEA definition. Top COCOPEA abbreviation meaning updated March 202 On a Saturday morning, our NSTP group was ready to face the day and head towards the UP Diliman campus for the Lakbayan ng Pambansang Minorya immersion. We first met with our groupmates in P. Campa Street near Morayta and waited for majority of us to arrive. As our hopped unto the vehicle we called, exchange of ideas and thoughts were at motion Resonating with the opening remarks delivered by Hon. Francisco Kit C. Ortega, Jr., Chair of Environment for the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP), Kit mentioned how as a child, everyone used to be able to drink from the river, but now - you just wouldn't dare to. Partly because it is evident that it is unclean, but also because there was a lack of updated (and communicated) technical.

PCG solidifies resolve as third armed service of the Philippines Print; Details Published: 25 July 2021 The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) has solidified its resolve as the third armed service of the Republic of the Philippines with the signing of the tripartite mechanism to further enhance interoperability of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Philippine National Police (PNP), and the. MODULE 2. MILITARY ORIENTATION Overview Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) as one of the components of NSTP, is always regarded as a program that involves tiring and rigid training but it is not always like that. The program also involves classroom instructions. In this situation, the military instructor gives discussion on different military subjects that every cadet should learn Saudi Arabia threatens 3-year travel ban for citizens who visit red list states. Saudi Arabia will impose a three-year travel ban on citizens travelling to countries on the kingdom's 'red list' under efforts to curb the spread of coronavirus and its new variants, state news agency SPA said on Tuesday To touch a dream. It is easy to get caught up in the negativity of a government of the crass, by the crass, and for the crass. Mean-spirited men and women haunt the hallowed halls of government and our public space every day, offending our sense of decency and fairness. There is a way out

AFP definition of AFP by Medical dictionar

AFP--Association for Financial Professionals AFDA--Allowance for doubtful accounts AFDC--Aid to Families with Dependent Children AFE--Average funds employed NSTP--National Society of Tax Professionals NTFO--Nationwide Tax Forums Online NTIS--National Technical Information Servic When this was finally pointed out and nurses were given explicit permission to send these requests back to the physicians, communication vastly improved. 5. Mutual respect. Building a culture of. Of the amount appropriated for LDRRMF, thirty percent (30%) shall be allocated as Quick Response Fund (QRF) or stand-by fund for relief and recovery programs in order that situation and living conditions of people In communities or areas stricken by disasters, calamities, epidemics, or complex emergencies, may be normalized as quickly as possible on stand-by within the premises of specified place in order to be readily available to perform work on demand or to be deployed in work areas. 27. Overloading — a situation where a public health worker is given more than the accepted standard workload he/she can efficiently handle. chanroblespublishingcompany 28 Philippine Army Reserve Command. src: i.ytimg.com. The Army Reserve Command ( ARESCOM or RESCOM; Filipino: Pangasiwaan ng Panlaáng Kawal ng Hukbóng Katihan or PPKHK) is a Major Support Command of the Philippine Army. It was created for the sole purpose of Reserve Force management, organization and Government Arsenal procurement

A soldier and a Maranao sit side-by-side near the entrance to the Grand Mosque, which still stands strong despite the violent siege. | Photo by Aldo Santiago Deconstructing Islamophobia The negative perceptions about the Muslim faith have been historically widespread—so much so that the term Islamophobia was coined in the 1990s to encompass. Mejia claimed even Baguio City has legitimate cases of the AFP's desperate moves to attack progressive youth groups. This includes the case of Nino Oconer, a member of the progressive youth group Anakbayan, who was accused of being a communist in front of his fellow NSTP students Under the NSTP, universities and colleges may choose to implement any two or all three components and students are free to choose which component they would enroll for four semesters. The program up to now, save for state universities and local colleges covered by the free tuition policy in RA 10931, has matriculation fees on top of the fees. MANILA, Philippines - President Rodrigo Duterte delivered his second State of the Nation Address (SONA) on Monday, July 24, covering a wide range of policy issues in both his prepared speech and. The policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. Disaster risk is an indicator of poor.

What does AFP stand for? - Abbreviations

As you might have guessed 9 out of 10 poorest countries in the world are situated in Africa. The wealth of a country is measured by GDP per capita and it stands for the average value of goods and services a person produced living his country. 1 ) Zimbabwe - $0.1. Thanks to hyperinflation Zimbabwe has become the poorest country in the world Panfilo Ping Morena Lacson Sr. (born June 1, 1948) is a Filipino senator who served from 2001 to 2013; and again from 2016 to the present. He is a retired police officer who headed the Philippine National Police from 1999 to 2001. As senator, Lacson earned a reputation as a watchdog of the national budget, calling out and pushing for the removal of dubious congressional insertions and.

Emergency and disaster planning involves a coordinated, co-operative process of preparing to match urgent needs with available resources. The phases are research, writing, dissemination, testing, and updating. Hence, an emergency plan needs to be a living document that is periodically adapted to changing circumstances and that provides a guide to the protocols, procedures, and division of. Official website of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), the largest of the U.S. Navy's five system commands. With a force of more than 80,000 civilian, military and contract support personnel, NAVSEA engineers, builds, buys and maintains the Navy's ships and submarines and their combat systems The importance of First Aid is hard to overestimate. It allows those trained with the potentially life saving ability to assist an injured or ill person during a variety of emergency situations. In situations such as someone ingests a harmful substance, suffers from a heart attack, a seizure or stroke, is involved in a motor vehicle accident or. 8. Disrespect for the Philippine flag and what it stands for by refusing to rise from one's seat when the Philippine National Anthem is played. 9. Smoking when in uniform even off campus. 10. Entering the campus without a valid school ID card. 11. Lending one's ID card or borrowing someone else's ID card. 12. Littering. 13 The results of each part of the test -- heart rate, breathing, body movement, muscle tone, and amount of amniotic fluid -- are added up to form a total score. A score of eight to 10 means your.

R.A. 7077 - Lawphi

republic act no. 10121 - implementing rules and regulations of republic act no. 10121, also known as an act strengthening the philippine disaster risk reduction and management system, providing for the national disaster risk reduction and management framework and institutionalizing the national disaster risk reduction and management plan, appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes. PwC's accounting and reporting webcasts keep you informed about emerging accounting, regulatory, and market developments impacting financial reporting The attackers tied up the man and raped the woman in his presence, local police official S.M. Afzal told AFP, adding that they stole 10,000 rupees ($185) and a mobile phone from the woman. The attack comes just months after thousands took to the streets to protest against India's treatment of women following the fatal gang-rape of a 23-year.

Republic Act 7077: Citizen Armed Forces or Armed Forces of

For National Service Training Program (NSTP) Director Jessia Chosaz, it shouldn't be that way. The NSTP fund should be available to all its three components, whether it is Civil Welfare Training Service, Literacy Training Service, or ROTC. Maganda sana 'yong gano'n para magkaroon ng gamit like rifle at iba pa Far Eastern University (FEU) ( PSE: FEU) in the City of Manila, West Sampaloc, University Belt area is a nonsectarian, private university in the Philippines. It was founded as a domestic educational institution in 1928 and incorporated in 1933, being the 6th oldest university in the Philippines and the 4th oldest private, non-sectarian. MEDAN (AFP) - A Malaysian actor was sentenced to 11 years in prison Wednesday (Oct 18) for trying to smuggle crystal methamphetamine hidden in his rectum into the Indonesian island of Sumatra. 3. Manan Vatsyayana (India), Not just tennis - AFP 4. Amit Chakravarty (India), Soccer in the hood - Indian Express 4. Yan Han (China), World Number 1 - Xinhua News Agency 6. Shin Wei Chang (Chinese Taipei), Break the silence loudly and free - Central News Agency 6. Adnan Osman (Malaysia), Spectrum: The new norms of athletes - NSTP/Harian Metro 8

Lesson 1 intro. to nstp - SlideShar

SHANGHAI (BLOOMBERG, REUTERS, AFP) - China raised the death toll from the coronavirus epidemic to 811 on Sunday (Feb 9), passing the number killed globally by the Sars epidemic in 2002/2003 and. The BCDA Group is a prime mover of national development. We transform former military bases and properties into premier centers of economic growth in partnership with the private sector with integrity, excellence, and efficiency in the stewardship of government resources NSTP/Bazuki Muhammad (for search string purposes : banjir) Villager Zamri Mustafa, 40, fixes his saw machine while his daughter Zulaikha, 8, waits at the area where his family three houses stood before they were swept by flood in Kampung Laloh near Kuala Krai January 1, 2015. NSTP/Bazuki Muhammad (for search string purposes : banjir

DND - Definition by AcronymFinde

As an alternative, Palatino said that Republic Act 9163 or the National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001 should be strengthened. He himself has already filed House Bill 2355 or the NSTP Reform Bill to incorporate provisions to strengthen and expand the social and civic service components of the NSTP The book Too Long in the Sun, traces pagan sun worship from the time of the Chaldeans, through the civilizations of the Babylonians, the Medo-Persians, the Grecians, the Romans and right on through present day, documenting its influence upon modern day Christianity. ELLEN G. WHITE January 4, 2015. Karl. Leave a comment. 2014 was a year to remember for me. A lot of great things happened throughout the course of the year. Since I'm a bit short on words for this yearly recap. All I did for this year was a collage of some special moments that happened last year. Photo ©Karl Carandang. Looking at this collage, there were.

Curriculum Map. The Bachelor of Science in Business Administration is designed on a simple but revolutionary premise that the most effective way to facilitate and develop successful business leaders is to provide the flexibility and depth with a curriculum that develops and cultivates the 21st century skills for our learners The Philippine State College of Aeronautics or PhilSCA is the aviation state college of the Republic of the Philippines with its main campus located at Piccio Garden, Villamor, Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines.Aside from its undergraduate courses, it is the only institution in the Philippines that offers masters and doctoral programs in aeronautical education and management Our Mission. The American Federation of Teachers is a union of professionals that champions fairness; democracy; economic opportunity; and high-quality public education, healthcare and public services for our students, their families and our communities